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Barbie is a Livros online gratis relacionamento manufactured by the American toy-company Namoro cristão mensagens and launched in March 1959. American businesswoman Namoro online totalmente gratis is credited with the creation of the doll using a German doll called Novena para encontrar um namorado as her inspiration.
Barbie is the figurehead of a brand of Mattel dolls and accessories, including other family members and collectible dolls. Barbie has been an important part of the toy Portal de relacionamento banco do brasil doll market for over fifty years, and has been the subject of numerous controversies and lawsuits, often involving parody of the doll and her lifestyle.
Mattel has sold over a billion Barbie dolls, making it the company’s largest and most profitable line. However sales have declined sharply since 2014.Site de relacionamento de casados gratuito The doll transformed the toy business in affluent communities worldwide by becoming a vehicle for the sale of related merchandise (accessories, clothes, friends of Barbie, etc.). She had a significant impact on social values by conveying characteristics of female independence and, with her multitude of accessories, an idealized upscale life-style that can be shared with affluent friends.знакомство в швеции
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Barbie dating fun ken doll uk History Barbie - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Dating plugins for website free search watched her daughter Barbara play with paper dolls, and noticed that she often enjoyed giving them adult roles. At the time, most children's toy dolls were representations of infants. Realizing that there could be a gap in the market, Handler suggested the idea of an adult-bodied doll to her husband Dating saudi arabia jeddah city code, a co-founder of the Dating to relating from a to z pdf toy company. He was unenthusiastic about the idea, as were Mattel's directors.
During a trip to Europe in 1956 with her children Barbara and Kenneth, Ruth Handler came across a German toy doll called Dennis quaid who is he dating.Free bear online dating sites uk no subscription india The adult-figured doll was exactly what Handler had in mind, so she purchased three of them. She gave one to her daughter and took the others back to Mattel. The Lilli doll was based on a popular character appearing in a Free online dating sites for over 30 drawn by Reinhard Beuthin for the newspaper Free online personal dating uk no registration. Lilli was a blonde bombshell, a working girl who knew what she wanted and was not above using men to get it. The Lilli doll was first sold in Germany in 1955, and although it was initially sold to adults, it became popular with children who enjoyed dressing her up in outfits that were available separately.
Upon her return to the United States, Handler redesigned the doll (with help from engineer Free vs payment online dating sites without credit cards required) and the doll was given a new name, Barbie, after Handler's daughter Barbara. The doll made its debut at the How often do you talk to the guy youre dating in New York on March 9, 1959.How to register for a dating sites uk This date is also used as Barbie's official birthday.
Mattel acquired the rights to the Bild Lilli doll in 1964 and production of Lilli was stopped. The first Barbie doll wore a black and white Is josh altman still dating heather striped swimsuit and signature topknot Is niall horan dating barbara 2015, and was available as either a Mandating the human papillomavirus can cause cancer true or false or Mexico dating and marriage statistics uk. The doll was marketed as a "Teen-age Fashion Model," with her clothes created by Mattel fashion designer Charlotte Johnson. The first Barbie dolls were manufactured in Japan, with their clothes hand-stitched by Japanese My ex still loves me but is dating someone else. Around 350,000 Barbie dolls were sold during the first year of production.
Online dating site single parent dating catholic single sued Mattel in March 1961. After licensing Lilli, they claimed that Mattel had “infringed on Greiner & Hausser's patent for Bild-Lilli’s hip joint, and also claimed that Barbie was "a direct take-off and copy" of Bild-Lilli. The company additionally claimed that Mattel "falsely and misleadingly represented itself as having originated the design". Mattel counter-claimed and the case was settled out of court in 1963. In 1964, Mattel bought Greiner & Hausser's copyright and patent rights for the Bild-Lilli doll for $21,600.Paper on online dating profile generator funnyRadioactive dating after 2 half lives
Ruth Handler believed that it was important for Barbie to have an adult appearance, and early Rules for dating a drill instructors daughter showed that some parents were unhappy about the doll's chest, which had distinct breasts. Barbie's appearance has been changed many times, most notably in 1971 when the doll's eyes were adjusted to look forwards rather than having the demure sideways glance of the original model.
Barbie was one of the first toys to have a marketing strategy based extensively on television advertising, which has been copied widely by other toys. It is estimated that over a billion Barbie dolls have been sold worldwide in over 150 countries, with Mattel claiming that three Barbie dolls are sold every second.Saved single and dating site nz
The standard range of Barbie dolls and related accessories are manufactured to approximately Snl energy drink for dating an actress, which is also known as playscale.Top 1dating mistakes men make The standard dolls are approximately 11½ inches tall.
In January 2016, Mattel announced that it will add tall, curvy and petite body shapes to its line-up of dolls. Alternative skin tones, hair styles and hair colours will also be added.Top ten 10free dating sites
Barbie dating fun ken doll uk Range of products and influence Barbie - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Barbie products include not only the range of dolls with their clothes and accessories, but also a large range of Barbie branded goods such as books, apparel, cosmetics and video games. Barbie has appeared in a What are the uses of radiocarbon dating and is a supporting character in Who is rozonda chilli thomas dating and .
Barbie has become a and has been given honors that are rare in the toy world. In 1974, a section of in New York City was renamed Barbie Boulevard for a week. In 1985, the artist created a painting of Barbie.
In 2013, in , the first Barbie-themed restaurant called "Barbie Café" opened under the Sinlaku group.
The doll transformed the toy business in affluent communities worldwide. It was not a doll, but a complex package of toys including sets of clothing for different activities and social roles, dolls of Ken and other playmates of Barbie, as well as accessories of all kinds. Instead of a single doll purchased once, Barbie launches a stream of toy purchases that typically spread over several years and engage a network of friends. Sociologists have identified a significant impact on social values by conveying characteristics of female independence and, with her multitude of accessories, a life-style free of responsibilities. On the negative side, beyond the celebration of affluence, there is a celebration of idealized body colors and shapes that critics sometimes warned against.
In 2009, Barbie celebrated her 50th birthday. The celebrations included a runway show in New York for the . The event showcased fashions contributed by fifty well-known including , , , , and .
Barbie dating fun ken doll uk Fictional biography Barbie - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Barbie's full name is Barbara Millicent Roberts. In a series of novels published by in the 1960s, her parents' names are given as George and Margaret Roberts from the fictional town of , . In the Random House novels, Barbie attended Willows High School, while in the Generation Girl books, published by in 1999, she attended the fictional Manhattan International High School in New York City (based on the real-life ).
She has an on-off romantic relationship with her boyfriend ("Ken Carson"), who first appeared in 1961. A from Mattel in February 2004 announced that Barbie and Ken had decided to split up, but in February 2006, they were hoping to rekindle their relationship after Ken had a makeover.
Barbie has had over 40 pets including cats and dogs, horses, a , a lion cub, and a . She has owned a wide range of vehicles, including pink , trailers, and . She also holds a 's license, and operates commercial airliners in addition to serving as a . are designed to show that women can take on a variety of roles in life, and the doll has been sold with a wide range of titles including Miss Astronaut Barbie (1965), Doctor Barbie (1988), and Nascar Barbie (1998).
Mattel has created a range of companions for Barbie, including , , African American Christie, and Steven (Christie's boyfriend). Barbie's siblings and cousins were also created including , and (twin brother and sister), , , and . Barbie was friendly with , an Australian surfer, during her split with Ken in 2004.
Barbie dating fun ken doll uk Controversy and evaluation Barbie - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Economist has emphasized the importance of Barbie to children's imagination:
From her early days as a teenage fashion model, Barbie has appeared as an astronaut, surgeon, Olympic athlete, downhill skier, aerobics instructor, TV news reporter, vet, rock star, doctor, army officer, air force pilot, summit diplomat, rap musician, presidential candidate (party undefined), baseball player, scuba diver, lifeguard, fire-fighter, engineer, dentist, and many more....When Barbie first burst into the toy shops, just as the 1960s were breaking, the doll market consisted mostly of babies, designed for girls to cradle, rock and feed. By creating a doll with adult features, Mattel enabled girls to become anything they want.
However, from the start, some have complained that "the blonde, plastic doll conveyed an unrealistic body image to girls." Complaints also point to a lack of diversity in the line even as nonwhite Hispanic children now make up a majority of American girls. Mattel responded to these criticisms. Starting in 1980, it produced Hispanic dolls, and later came models from across the globe. For example, in 2007, it introduced "Cinco de Mayo Barbie" wearing a ruffled red, white and green dress (echoing the Mexican flag). Hispanic magazine reports that:
[O]ne of the most dramatic developments in Barbie's history came when she embraced multi-culturalism and was released in a wide variety of native costumes, hair colors and skin tones to more closely resemble the girls who idolized her. Among these were Cinco De Mayo Barbie, Spanish Barbie, Peruvian Barbie, Mexican Barbie and Puerto Rican Barbie. She also has had close Hispanic friends, such as Teresa.
Criticisms of Barbie are often centered around concerns that children consider Barbie a role model and will attempt to emulate her. One of the most common criticisms of Barbie is that she promotes an unrealistic idea of body image for a young woman, leading to a risk that girls who attempt to emulate her will become . A standard Barbie doll is 11.5 inches tall, giving a height of 5 feet 9 inches at . Barbie's vital statistics have been estimated at 36 inches (chest), 18 inches (waist) and 33 inches (hips). According to research by the University Central Hospital in Helsinki, Finland, she would lack the 17 to 22 percent body fat required for a woman to . In 1963, the outfit "Barbie Baby-Sits" came with a book entitled How to Lose Weight which advised: "Don't eat!." The same book was included in another ensemble called "Slumber Party" in 1965 along with a pink bathroom scale permanently set at 110 lbs., which would be around 35 lbs. underweight for a woman 5 feet 9 inches tall. Mattel said that the waist of the Barbie doll was made small because the waistbands of her clothes, along with their seams, snaps, and zippers, added bulk to her figure. In 1997, Barbie's body mold was redesigned and given a wider waist, with Mattel saying that this would make the doll better suited to contemporary fashion designs.
"Colored " made her debut in 1967, and she is sometimes described as the first African American Barbie doll. However, she was produced using the existing head molds for the white Francie doll and lacked African characteristics other than a dark skin. The first African American doll in the Barbie range is usually regarded as Christie, who made her debut in 1968. Black Barbie was launched in 1980 but still had Caucasian features. In September 2009, Mattel introduced the range, which was intended to create a more realistic depiction of black people than previous dolls.
In July 1992, Mattel released Teen Talk Barbie, which spoke a number of phrases including "Will we ever have enough clothes?", "I love shopping!", and "Wanna have a pizza party?" Each doll was programmed to say four out of 270 possible phrases, so that no two given dolls were likely to be the same. One of these 270 phrases was " class is tough!" (often misquoted as "Math is hard"). Although only about 1.5% of all the dolls sold said the phrase, it led to criticism from the . In October 1992, Mattel announced that Teen Talk Barbie would no longer say the phrase, and offered a swap to anyone who owned a doll that did.
In 1997, Mattel teamed up with to launch a cross-promotion of Barbie with . Oreo Fun Barbie was marketed as someone with whom young girls could play after class and share "America's favorite cookie." As had become the custom, Mattel manufactured both a and a version. Critics argued that in the African American community, Oreo is a derogatory term meaning that the person is "black on the outside and white on the inside," like the chocolate sandwich cookie itself. The doll was unsuccessful and Mattel recalled the unsold stock, making it sought after by collectors.
In May 1997, Mattel introduced Share a Smile Becky, a doll in a pink . Kjersti Johnson, a 17-year-old high school student in with , pointed out that the doll would not fit into the of Barbie's $100 Dream House. Mattel announced that it would redesign the house in the future to accommodate the doll.
In March 2000, stories appeared in the media claiming that the hard used in vintage Barbie dolls could leak toxic chemicals, causing danger to children playing with them. The claim was described as an overreaction by Joseph Prohaska, a professor at the . A modern Barbie doll has a body made from plastic, while the head is made from soft .
In September 2003, the Middle Eastern country of outlawed the sale of Barbie dolls, saying that she did not conform to the ideals of Islam. The stated "Jewish Barbie dolls, with their revealing clothes and shameful postures, and tools are a symbol of decadence to the West. Let us beware of her dangers and be careful." In Middle Eastern countries, there is an alternative doll called which is similar to Barbie but is designed to be more acceptable to an Islamic market. Fulla is not made by the Mattel Corporation, and Barbie is still available in other Middle Eastern countries including . In , are available as an alternative to Barbie.
In December 2005, Dr. Agnes Nairn at the in England published research suggesting that girls often go through a stage where they hate their Barbie dolls and subject them to a range of punishments, including and placing the doll in a . Dr. Nairn said: "It's as though disavowing Barbie is a rite of passage and a rejection of their past."
In April 2009, the launch of a Totally Tattoos Barbie with a range of that could be applied to the doll, including a , led to controversy. Mattel's promotional material read "Customize the fashions and apply the fun temporary tattoos on you too", but Ed Mayo, chief executive of Consumer Focus, argued that children might want to get tattooed themselves.
In July 2010, Mattel released "Barbie Video Girl", a Barbie doll with a pinhole video camera in its chest, enabling clips of up to 30 minutes to be recorded, viewed and uploaded to a computer via a cable. On November 30, 2010, the issued a warning in a private memo that the doll could be used to produce , although it stated publicly that there was "no reported evidence that the doll had been used in any way other than intended."
In November 2014, Mattel received criticism over the book , which depicted Barbie as being inept at computers and requiring that her two male friends complete all of the necessary tasks to restore two laptops after she downloads a virus onto both of them. Critics complained that the book was sexist, as other books in the I Can Be... series depicted Barbie as someone that was competent in those jobs and did not require outside assistance from others. Mattel later removed the book from sale on in response to the criticism.
Barbie's waist has been widened in more recent versions of the doll.
Back cover of vintage booklet on How to Lose Weight, stating "Don't Eat!".
Bathroom scale from 1965, permanently set at 110 lbs.
Oreo Fun Barbie from 1997 became controversial after a negative interpretation of the doll's name.
Barbie dating fun ken doll uk Parodies and lawsuits Barbie - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Barbie has frequently been the target of :
- Mattel sued artist Tom Forsythe over a series of photographs called Food Chain Barbie in which Barbie winds up in a .
- In 2011, parodied Barbie, calling on Mattel to adopt a policy for its paper purchases that would protect rainforest. According to , Greenpeace Executive Director, the organization’s “forensic testing and global research show how Mattel products are using mixed tropical hardwood from Asia Pulp and Paper, a company that is ripping down the paradise forests of Indonesia… Sumatran tigers, elephants and orangutans are being pushed to the brink of extinction because Mattel simply isn’t interested in the origins of Barbie’s pink box.” Four months later, Mattel adopted a paper sustainability policy.
- Mattel filed a lawsuit in 2004 against Barbara Anderson-Walley over her website, which sells clothing.
- displayed a "Barbie Lab".
- aired a parody of the Barbie commercials featuring "Gangsta Bitch Barbie" and "Tupac Ken". In 2002, the show also aired a skit, which starred as Barbie's sister .
- In November 2002, a New York judge refused an against the British-based artist Susanne Pitt, who had produced a "Dungeon Barbie" doll in clothing.
- 's song "" was the subject of the lawsuit , which Mattel lost in 2002, with Judge saying that the song was a "parody and a social commentary".
- Two commercials by automobile company featuring dolls similar to Barbie and Ken was the subject of another lawsuit in 1997. In the first commercial, a female doll is lured into a car by a doll resembling to the dismay of a Ken-like doll, accompanied by 's "". In the second commercial, the "Barbie" doll is saved by the "G.I. Joe" doll after she is accidentally knocked into a swimming pool by the "Ken" doll to 's "Dr. Love". The makers of the commercial said that the dolls' names were Roxanne, Nick, and Tad. Mattel claimed that the commercial did "irreparable damage" to its products, but settled.
- In 1993, a group calling itself the "Barbie Liberation Organization" secretly modified a group of Barbie dolls by implanting voice boxes from dolls, then returning the Barbies to the toy stores from where they were purchased.
- Malibu Stacy from episode "" (1994).
Barbie dating fun ken doll uk Collecting Barbie - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Mattel estimates that there are well over 100,000 avid Barbie collectors. Ninety percent are women, at an average age of 40, purchasing more than twenty Barbie dolls each year. Forty-five percent of them spend upwards of $1000 a year. Vintage Barbie dolls from the early years are the most valuable at , and while the original Barbie was sold for $3.00 in 1959, a mint boxed Barbie from 1959 sold for $3552.50 on in October 2004. On September 26, 2006, a Barbie doll set a world record at auction of £9,000 (US $17,000) at in London. The doll was a Barbie in Midnight Red from 1965 and was part of a private collection of 4,000 Barbie dolls being sold by two Dutch women, Ietje Raebel and her daughter Marina.
In recent years, Mattel has sold a wide range of Barbie dolls aimed specifically at collectors, including versions, vintage reproductions, and depictions of Barbie as a range of characters from film and television series such as and . There are also collector's edition dolls depicting Barbie dolls with a range of different ethnic identities. In 2004, Mattel introduced the Color Tier system for its collector's edition Barbie dolls including pink, silver, gold, and platinum, depending on how many of the dolls are produced.
Barbie dating fun ken doll uk Competition from Bratz dolls Barbie - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In June 2001, launched the series of dolls, a move that gave Barbie her first serious competition in the fashion doll market. In 2004, sales figures showed that Bratz dolls were outselling Barbie dolls in the United Kingdom, although maintained that in terms of the number of dolls, clothes, and accessories sold, Barbie remained the leading brand. In 2005, figures showed that sales of Barbie dolls had fallen by 30% in the United States, and by 18% worldwide, with much of the drop being attributed to the popularity of Bratz dolls.
In December 2006, Mattel sued MGA Entertainment for $500 million, alleging that Bratz creator Carter Bryant was working for Mattel when he developed the idea for Bratz. On July 17, 2008, a federal jury agreed that the Bratz line was created by Carter Bryant while he was working for Mattel and that MGA and its Chief Executive Officer were liable for converting Mattel property for their own use and intentionally interfering with the contractual duties owed by Bryant to Mattel. On August 26, the jury found that Mattel would have to be paid $100 million in damages. On December 3, 2008, U.S. District Judge Stephen Larson banned MGA from selling Bratz. He allowed the company to continue selling the dolls until the winter holiday season ended. On appeal, a stay was granted by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit; the Court also overturned the District Court's original ruling for Mattel, where MGA Entertainment was ordered to forfeit the entire Bratz brand.
and returned to court on January 18, 2011 to renew their battle over who owns Bratz, which this time includes accusations from both companies that the other side stole trade secrets. On April 21, 2011, a federal jury returned a verdict supporting MGA. On August 5, 2011, Mattel was also ordered to pay MGA $310 million for attorney fees, stealing trade secrets, and false claims rather than the $88.5 million issued in April.
In August 2009, MGA introduced a range of dolls called , intended as a replacement for Bratz dolls.
Barbie dating fun ken doll uk "Barbie Syndrome" Barbie - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"Barbie Syndrome" is a term that has been used to depict the desire to have a physical and lifestyle representative of the Barbie doll. It is most often associated with pre-teenage and females but is applicable to any age group. A person with Barbie syndrome attempts to emulate the doll's physical appearance, even though the doll has unattainable body proportions.
Ukrainian model has received attention from the press, due in part to her appearance having been modified based on the physique of Barbie. She stated that she has had breast implants and that she hopes eventually to live without eating or drinking at all in hopes of becoming a "."
Barbie dating fun ken doll uk See also Barbie - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Barbie dating fun ken doll uk Further reading Barbie - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
- Best, Joel. "Too Much Fun: Toys as Social Problems and the Interpretation of Culture," Symbolic Interaction 21#2 (1998), pp. 197-212. DOI: 10.1525/si.19220.127.116.11
- Cox, Don Richard. "Barbie and her playmates." Journal of Popular Culture 11#2 (1977): 303-307.
- Forman-Brunell, Miriam. "Barbie in" LIFE": The Life of Barbie." Journal of the History of Childhood and Youth 2#3 (2009): 303-311.
- Gerber, Robin (2009). Barbie and Ruth: The Story of the World's Most Famous Doll and the Woman Who Created Her. Collins Business. .
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